Maybe something like this happened to you? Has anyone ever hacked access to your mailbox or profile on a social network and committed mayhem. The attacker sent spam on your behalf to everyone on your contact list, distributed links to dubious resources or disgusting comments from your account or posted outrageous images on your Facebook wall. And after all destructive actions for your reputation, the villain changed the password, so that you could not quickly correct the situation and had to enter into a long correspondence with the technical support service.
The best method to counter hackers is to build a good defense from the start, which means creating a secure password. But before you start the process, you should think about what you should not do when creating a password.
#ONE. DO NOT USE ANY PERSONAL INFORMATION.
The safest password is a complex combination of numbers and letters. The days when the dates of birthdays of close people or the nicknames of your favorite pets could be used as a password have sunk into oblivion long ago. The fact that none of your surroundings is going to hack your account does not mean that no one can solve your password. All they need is to take a look at your profile, where photos of you and your pet are posted, and then just go through the popular nicknames (do you really think there are a lot of them?). Such passwords are very popular with hackers.
# 2. DO NOT USE THE SAME PASSWORD EVERYWHERE
Maybe you did an excellent job choosing a complex password. But if you use it everywhere on the Internet (in online shopping accounts, social networking profiles, and, just terrible, in electronic card and bank accounts), then you are in danger. Hacker can get your password in the system, where his actions will not do you much harm. But, having information about your name or another identifier, he may try to use the received password on other sites and as a result get access to an account in the system where it can harm you very much. Do not relax with a single password. Change it when working with different sites.
# 3. DO NOT USE ASSIGNED PASSWORDS.
Suppose you install a new mailbox for yourself or create an account on the online store website. The system may assign you a temporary password. Remember, this password is temporary. Site staff may know it or it is generated “randomly” from your ID. Change your password immediately when you first log into a new account and do not share your new password with anyone, even the site staff.
Of course, some of the above tips suggest that you need to do a lot of manual work to reveal your password. But hackers are becoming more sophisticated. The prospect of using the information of thousands of accounts can inspire them to significant efforts. In addition, they can use special software to search passwords at high speed to find a suitable option.
If you are sure that your password cannot be broken, test it. Microsoft offers a special password checker program , there is also a special site How Secure Is My Password . But if you feel that the password security is not high enough, then it’s time to create a very complex combination.
#FOUR. CHOOSE A RANDOM COMBINATION OF CHARACTERS
Many sites recommend how to create a secure password – use upper and lower case characters, at least one number and one service character. This approach may seem complicated, but it is an important step towards creating a secure password. Instead of splitting regular phrases with numbers and symbols, simply create a random combination of letters, numbers, and symbols. Just write it down somewhere to remember.
# 5.USE A PASSWORD GENERATOR
No need to rack your brains to generate a random string for each account you use in your business to create the most secure password. The password generator will quickly create for you a complex password in accordance with the set parameters – the number of positions used, the need to include numbers and punctuation, and so on. Keep your password in a safe place, do not rely on memory. The company Symantec offers a good tool , and when you speak English Strong Password Generator will tell you how to remember the password.
# 6.USE LONG PASSWORDS AND DISCARD SHORT
The more characters, the harder it is to solve your password – one answer is how to create a secure password. A password of three characters can be solved on average in 0.0007 seconds. Eleven characters will require 4.66 years for hacking. Add more letters, numbers, punctuation and service characters. And increasing the length of the password will increase its complexity exponentially.
# 7. USE PASSWORD MANAGER
Creating a different password for each site that you use, for each account that occurs in your life, means either that you have a fantastic memory, or a plan to restore information. Writing passwords has never been a good idea. Paper is spoiled, lost or, worse, can be stolen. Storing passwords in a document on your computer leaves it possible for a hacker to access your data using a Trojan program.
Using special password manager programs such as LastPass or KeePass to store passwords will not only keep them safe, but also save you from having to remember hundreds of character combinations. Such programs allow you to remember only one complex password in order to access the repository with keys.
As soon as you create and save the password in the program manager, each time you visit the site, it will recognize it and automatically download the right combination for you. It remains only to insert the password in the desired field. Some password managers, such as Roboform , also include automatic form filling, eliminating the need to enter a username and password.
#EIGHT. CHANGE PASSWORDS REGULARLY
Do not let password generators and program managers plunge you into the illusion of security. Hackers are constantly looking for new ways to access important information. Be a few steps ahead by changing passwords on a regular basis. Set a calendar to remind you about this procedure. If you have a lot of passwords, you can change them rotationally, eliminating the need to invent dozens of combinations each time. Yes, such a policy may seem very uncomfortable. But think about how inconvenient it would be if an attacker gains access to your bank account. It is necessary to suffer a slight inconvenience to get rid of big problems.
While the Internet can be a source of opportunity and entertainment, danger lurks around every corner. Even harmless sites, such as gaming, are often the target of a hacker attack. Do not leave yourself vulnerable to attacks. Just like the habit of wearing a seat belt every time you go in the car, a strong password ensures your information security. No one guarantees that you will not be subjected to attacks by hackers. But you will know that you have done everything possible and complicated the task of those who want to harm your reputation and bank account.